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Asian markets pull back ahead of Fed decision on interest rates

Asian markets pull back ahead of Fed decision on interest rates


TOKYO — Asian shares mostly declined Wednesday as investors looked ahead to a widely expected interest rate hike by the U.S. Federal Reserve as it works to squash the highest inflation in decades.

Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225
NIK,
-1.20%
dipped 1.4% in morning trading. Australia’s S&P/ASX 200
XJO,
-1.56%
dropped 1.4% while South Korea’s Kospi
180721,
-0.78%
lost 0.9%. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng
HSI,
-1.12%
shed 1.5%, while the Shanghai Composite
SHCOMP,
-0.01%
slipped 0.4%. Stocks were flat in Singapore
STI,
+0.11%,
while benchmarks in Taiwan
Y9999,
-0.86%
and Indonesia
JAKIDX,
-0.59%
declined.

Global tensions are adding to uncertainties. Russian-controlled regions of eastern and southern Ukraine have announced plans to start voting this week to become integral parts of Russia.

The Kremlin-backed efforts to swallow up four regions could set the stage for Moscow to escalate the war against Ukraine. Russian President Vladimir Putin recently blasted what he described as U.S. efforts to preserve its global domination and ordered officials to boost weapons production.

“Asian equities traded in a defensive mode on Wednesday. There were some geopolitical tensions concerning Russia and Ukraine, where the separatists are to hold a referendum in some regions, and traders were expecting an update from Putin,” said Anderson Alves at ActivTrades.

On Wall Street, the S&P 500 index
SPX,
-1.13%
fell 1.1% to 3,855.93, as more than 90% of stocks and every sector in the benchmark index lost ground. The Dow Jones Industrial Average
DJIA,
-1.01%
lost 1% to 30,706.23. The Nasdaq composite
COMP,
-0.95%
also fell 1%, to 11,425.05.

The selling came as traders waited to see how high the Fed will raise interest rates at its meeting that ends Wednesday.

“The market is certainly bracing for the worst and you’re seeing a little bit of selling pressure coming in,” said Paul Kim, CEO of Simplify ETFs.

Bond yields mostly edged higher. The yield on the 10-year Treasury, which influences mortgage rates, rose to 3.56% from 3.52% from late Monday and is trading at its highest levels since 2011.

The yield on the 2-year Treasury, which tends to follow expectations for Fed action, held steady at 3.95%, hovering around its highest levels since 2007.

Stocks have been slumping and Treasury yields rising as the Fed raises the cost of borrowing money in hopes of slowing down the hottest inflation in four decades.

Fed Chair Jerome Powell bluntly warned in a speech last month that the rate hikes would “bring some pain.”

“He has done everything he possibly can to signal that it’s going to be another aggressive move,” said Liz Young, head of investment strategy at SoFi.

The Fed is expected to raise its key short-term rate by three-quarters of a point for the third time at its meeting on Wednesday. That would lift its benchmark rate, which affects many consumer and business loans, to a range of 3% to 3.25%, the highest level in 14 years, and up from zero at the start of the year.

Beyond that, investors will be focused on what Powell has to say, both in the Fed’s latest interest rate policy statement and during an afternoon press conference, for clues as to whether the central bank remains primarily focused on lowering inflation, or if there’s a hint the Fed is giving more consideration to the impact of higher rates on the economy.

Wall Street is worried that the rate hikes could go too far in slowing economic growth and push the economy into a recession.

The U.S. isn’t alone in suffering from hot inflation or dealing with the impact of efforts to fight high prices.

The Bank of Japan began a two-day monetary policy meeting Wednesday, although analysts expect the central bank to stick to its easy monetary policy. Rate decisions from Norway, Switzerland and the Bank of England are next.

In energy trading, U.S. benchmark crude
CLV22,
-1.80%
rose 15 cents to $84.09 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It fell 1.5% Tuesday, weighing down energy stocks. Brent crude
BRNX22,
+0.42%,
the international standard, added 22 cents to $90.84 a barrel.

In currency trading, the U.S. dollar
USDJPY,
+0.06%
inched up to 143.81 Japanese yen from 143.74 yen.



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